GETTING READY FOR THE EXAM


GETTING READY FOR THE EXAM
1Complete the text with the correct passive form of the verbs in brackets.
A new shopping centre 1_______ (build) in Morton. It 2_______ (start) three years ago and this time last week it 3_______(still / paint)! The opening should have been last month, but it 4_______ (delay) until the centre was ready. The centre 5_______ (finally / finish) two days ago, and yesterday it 6_______(open) by the town mayor. The building is very unusual and 7_______ (design) by Dan Farley, one of the best young architects in the UK. It has many shops, restaurants and a cinema, and 8_______ (use) by people from as far away as Denby. A centre like this 9 _______ (need) in Moreton for a long time and 10_______ (welcome) by the local people.
2. TENSES (Active and Passive Voice)1. I save £200 a month. By the end of the year, I ………………………………………….(save) £2,400.
2. Our meeting starts at 2.00 and finishes at 3.30. You can’t ring me at 2.30 because we ………………………….(have) a meeting.
3. Your boss …………………………(phone) three times this morning!
4. The kids are exhausted because they …………………………(play) outside all day.
5. Her house ………………….(sell) five years ago.
6. She ………………………..(go) to the police because someone …………………….(steal) her bag.
7. Attention, please! The next race ……………………(start) at 9.30.
8. Look, the house ………………………………….(renovate).
9. His English was very good. He ………………………(learn) it for five years.
10. The words …………………………..(explain) by the teacher today.
11. Oh no! Someone ……………………..(break) the window.
12. He ………………………….(interview) for the job when I came into the room.
13. English ………………………..(understand) by everyone.
14. The meeting …………………(hold) tomorrow.
15. McGowans had a nasty surprise when they …………………….(check in) at the airport yesterday with their baby Shaun
16. Recently, many problems ……………………..(cause) by forest fires.
17. I……………………….(tidy) the garage all afternoon. It’s nearly finished.
18. Betty is attending driving lessons. After that she ………………………………(buy) a car.
19. He ……………………..(fine) for travelling without a ticket.
20. Sam is paying for his car. The last payment is in November. By December he ……………………..(pay) for his car.
3.CONDITIONALS AND WISHES
a) Conditionals
1) If all the ice in the world …………………….., many coastal towns would disappear.
a) would melt b) melts c) melted
2) If you carry too many bags, you ………………………. something.
a) will drop b) drop c) drops
3) She wouldn’t have got into trouble if she ………………………………..to my advice.
a) listened b) listens c) had listened
4) If they had planted vegetables in the garden, they ……………………………..money.
a) would save b) could have saved c) saved
5) If something is lighter than water it ………………………………………….
a) will float b) floats c) would float
6) If I ………………………………. go to their party, they would be offended.
a) didn’t go b) wouldn’t go c) won’t go
7) If you had not neglected this proposal, you ………………………………………… a wonderful trip.
a)will have b)could have had c) would have
8) If it rains, the grass ……………………. wet.
a) will get b) got c) gets
9) If I had managed to complete my task by Wednesday, I ……………………………. free by Wednesday.
a) would have been b)would be c) will be
10) If wages rise, unemployment …………………………………………...
a) will increase b) increases c) increased
11) If the guests …………………. earlier, no one will be here to greet them.
a) will come b) come c) came
12) If I were in the city I ………………………………….. his lecture.
a) would attend b) will attend c) would have attended
13) If I had known, I ………………………………………………….anything.
a) wouldn’t say b)wouldn’t have said c) won’t say
14) If the consultant …………………………more careful research, he would have identified the gap in the market.
a) did b) hadn’t done c) had done
15) If you cross an international date line, the time ……………………………
a)will change b) would change c) changes
b) WISHES
1. I wish I …………………………thinner. My clothes don’t fit me. A.were B.had been C.would be
2. Ben’s been wearing the same clothes for years. A. bought B. had bought C. would buy
I wish he ………………..some new clothes.
3. Someone stole my camera. I wish I …………………it in my car. A. didn’t leave B. hadn’t left C.wouldn’t leave
4. Chloe wishes she ………………how to play the guitar. A. knew B.had known C. would know
5. I was late for work. I wish I …………….my alarm clock yesterday. A. set B. had set C. would set
6. I really miss the city centre. I wish I …………..a house in the country. A. didn’t buy B. hadn’t bought C. wouldn’t buy
7. Their TV is really loud. I wish they …………….it down. A. turned B. hadn’t turned C. wouldn’t turn
8. She wishes her parents ……………………nearer. A. lived B. had lived C. would live
9. I’m cold. I wish my flat ……………………..central heating. A. had B. had had C. would have
10. Unfortunately, I couldn’t come to your party. I wish I …………… A. came B. had come C. would come
4. PAST MODALS (must, can’t, could/may/might, should/ought to)
a) Complete the sentences with the verb given in a past modal form.
1. Sue is in bed with a stomach ache. She ……………………………………..(eat) so much chocolate cake.
2. Ben ……………………..(read) my e-mail. I sent it such a long time ago!
3. My wife …………………(take) the keys: she never does it!
4. It’s so nice you managed to find your credit card! You ……………………….(be) relieved when it happened!
5.Our neighbours …………………………………(go) on holiday – there’re no lights on in the house….but I’m not sure.
6. The thieves ……………………………(sell) the stolen goods although they didn’t have much time for that.
7. I ………………………………(borrow) money from you! I never forget things like that!
8. – Amanda was rude to everyone at the party. – You ……………………………..(invite) her. She’s always like that.
9. I ………………………………(leave) my back on my seat in the restaurant, I don’t remember exactly.
10. The Mayor …………………………..(accept) the bribe – he’s very honest man.
b) Rewrite the sentences using suitable modal verbs:
1) I’m sure I left my umbrella at home.
2) I’m sure Sam and Ginny haven’t got lost.
3) They didn’t come to our party. Maybe they didn’t receive the invitation.
4) Holly’s crying. Perhaps ,she’s had an argument with her boyfriend.
5) It was a bad idea to go to bed so late.
6) We couldn’t understand anyone in Paris. It was wrong of us not to learn any French before we went.
7) You saw Ellie yesterday? It’s impossible! She was in bed with flu.
8) Perhaps John didn’t hear you. You know he’s a bit deaf.
9) I’m sure Lucy has bought a new car. I saw her driving a Mercedes!
10) Tom told me his phone number but I forgot it. It was a good idea to write it down!
5Rewrite the sentences in reported speech.
1 ‘I’ve never had such a good meal,’ said Kate.
___________________________________
2 ‘It was a really interesting journey,’ she said.
___________________________________
3 ‘We’re looking for some new employees,’ he told me.
___________________________________
4 ‘A trip to London will be good for your English,’ Jack told me.
___________________________________
‘My brother doesn’t think it’s a very good idea,’ she said.
___________________________________
6 ‘Have you seen Mary?’ Simon asked Tom.
___________________________________
7 ‘What’s the time?’ Daniel asked his dad.
___________________________________
8 ‘Will you be long?’ he asked me.
___________________________________
9 ‘Did you go to the concert yesterday?’ Grace asked Jane.
___________________________________
10 ‘How are you going to get to London next week?’ my mum asked me.
A) Complete the sentences using the correct form of the words in brackets.
My best friend isn’t _______________ (clever) as me, but she’s much prettier!
She’s singing _______________ (confident) than she used to, which is great.
The year we spent in India was _______________ (exciting) time of our lives.
This is best-paid job I’ve ever had – but I’m also working _______________ (long) hours than in the past.
This dress is the most beautiful in the shop, but, surprisingly it’s _______________ (expensive).
‘Who’s better at football, Phil or Peter?’ ‘Phil can run _______________ (fast) as Peter, but he isn’t as skilful.’
I’m happy that he’s making friends _______________ (easy) than he used to.
My new boss is _______________ (attractive) man I have ever worked with.He’s very handsome.
We bought _______________ (expensive) tickets we could find. They were only €5 each!
The traffic is moving _______________ (slow) than usual this morning.
b) Correct the sentences.
The faster you work, the quickest you’ll finish._________________________________________________________________________
The more you talk, the lesser I listen._________________________________________________________________________
London is getting the more and more expensive._________________________________________________________________________
You look most tired than you did earlier._________________________________________________________________________
The snow was falling more and more heavy._________________________________________________________________________
7. Complete the text. Choose the correct answers, A, B, C or D.
Alaska is the largest and the least populated state of the USA. It 1____ to the United States by Russia in 1867 for 7.2 million dollars, but it didn’t actually become a state until 1959. Alaska is famous for its 2____ landscapes, 3____ mountains and enormous lakes. Alaska is home to some 4____ wildlife, from the humpback whale to the grizzly bear.
5____ is the humpback whales which attract many eco-tourists, who can take whale-watching tours along the Alaskan coast. While the best way to see and experience these enormous creatures is to take a whale-watching boat tour, they sometimes can 6____ from shore locations, ferries and from cruise ships. All it takes is a little luck and good eyesight!
Hiking is also a very popular tourist activity, but hikers must be aware of the potential dangers they might encounter along the walking trails. Grizzly bears are one of these. Ideally, bears should 7____ . If you do come across one, you shouldn’t try and run away, as you 8____ . Instead, let the bear know you are human. Talk to the bear in a normal voice and wave your arms to help it recognise you. If the bear stands up on its back legs, it is usually just curious, not 9____ . In fact, more people 10____ by dogs in the last 80 years than by bears.
A has soldB soldC was sellingD was sold
A matchingB comfortableC unknownD breathtakingA formalB woodedC lively D old-fashioned
A afraid B immatureC fascinatingD traditional
A AndB ButC ItD There
A sawB be seeingC be seenD see
A avoid B avoidedC be avoidedD be avoiding
A are chasedB will be chasedC were chased D have been chased
A extremeB isolatedC threateningD wild
A are killedB had been killedC have been killedD will be killed

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