MAA №429 Napoleon’s Mamelukes


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bold
Plates are shown with page and caption
colours reflecting that of the Mounted Chasseurs. It is
The Oriental dress was probably worn only on special
occasions, and in the “eld only when the Emperor was
present in person.
G3: French Mameluke, regulation Oriental
campaign dress
Intriguingly, note that the axe is still carried attached to the
H1: Officer, campaign dress
This regulation everyday and “eld uniform features the old
of the Mounted Chasseurs, dating from the
Mameluke NCO of French origin, in an illustration after a
drawing made by Gen Vanson during one of the annual
parades on the Place Vendôme to commemorate the
Emperors birthday. It shows a uniform worn at the end of
narrow green and gold lace borders on his
C3: Mameluke in non-regulation dress
Reconstructed from original contemporary items, this rear
decoration and the rear vent with many small ball buttons;
the slung blunderbuss … probably only carried on parade
rather than on campaign; the suspension of the scimitar from
cords; and a decorated pouch slung in the same manner.
This “gure is after a drawing by C.G.Geissler. Note the
French carbine slung from the regulation issue belt, and the
shabraque with drawn-out rear corners in light cavalry
style. From about this date onwards the sources show the
European style, and it begins to acquire a low standing
collar. Here the
is green with
gold or yellow embroidery, the
THE PLATES
This French officer commanded the Mamelukes of the
Consular Guard, adopting their exotic dress and style of
weaponry; note, however, that his gold-fringed sash is in
the regulation blue of a French
lArmées former Brunon Collection at the Château de
lEmperi … is in fact French-made, despite its transformation
A2: Ali, Mameluke of the Empress, 1803
This reconstruction is after a painting of this date by Van Bree.
Information on the duties and dress of Napoleons servant
and bodyguard Roustam, and a uniform illustration, can
Napoleons Imperial Headquarters (1)
A3: Ali, 2nd Mameluke of the Emperor, 1813
the Second Empire of the last
27 February; an Italian, Jean Marie Riva, born at Colsanzan in 1788, who
was wounded no less than eight times at Arcis-sur-Aube on 20 March;
the German-born Guillaume Finkein, taken prisoner near Méry on
Dresden on 18 September. Two days later the
Frenchman, 22-year-old Christophe Bordeaux
from Cardanville, was taken prisoner. This spread
of military origins in recruitment to the corps.
was a former sergeant, and served in the rank of
Yannis, born at Souli in 1789; Lolio Nacco, born
on 20 March 1814 near Méry.
Steadily, the Oriental speci“cs
of the uniform were transformed
into more suitable items
for European climate and
increasingly obvious from 1809
onwards. The uniforms were
mainly green and red, matching
with whom they rode; after
1808 the French light cavalry
shown here as green with a red
edges, and red/white fringing.
However, we must point out that
The twilight of the Empire, 1813…14
Early in 1813 the Emperor, aided by his Grand Marshal of the Palace
cavalry, in particular, in a dangerously weakened state; but the Imperial
Guard would become stronger than ever … at least on paper.
from 18 January 1813, to an establishment of ten squadrons with
An impression by Job of
Mamelukes charging through
during his service, disap-
in Tunis in 1791; and Hanna
Daboussi, a 34-year-old Greek
Borisov. Deported to Siberia,
Goyas painting of the Dos
dragging Mamelukes from their
of atrocities during this episode,
but in fact the nominal rolls
by Benjamin Zix, of the
ember 1810, and serving on
Mameluke is surrounded by
Mounted Chasseur, and a
cuirassier. See reconstruction
However, Abdallah had so
three Turkish ships that were
anchored in the harbour. By
now, little by little, soldiers
company, receiving Oriental
Serving on in Spain under
stabbing, and trying to drag
without mercy. Daumesnil had
than one story of atrocities committed in reprisal by the Mamelukes.
way into the convent, killing everyone they found there … monks, men
ABOVEANDOPPOSITE
Two studies of Mamelukes
the ports of continental Europe to Britains
Emperors personal servant
would become the Emperors
shadow, remaining close to him
himself preferred simple
ceremonial), he encouraged
Roustams were possibly the
1: Officer, campaign dress
2: Mameluke, campaign dress
1: Mameluke, campaign dress
2: Officer, campaign dress
3: French Mameluke,
Oriental campaign dress
1: Mameluke, regulation Oriental dress
2: Mameluke, regulation Oriental dress
2: Chef descadron Kirmann, 1809…10
3: Mameluke, non-regulation dress
1: Officer, Napoleons coronation, 1804
2: Officer, summer dress
2: Ali, Mameluke of the Empress, 1803
or, 1813
cavalry of some 80 squadrons (10,500 men) in a charge in two columns
against a 70-gun Russian grand battery, to pierce the centre of the
The charge of the Mounted
the Imperial Guard at Austerlitz,
French light cavalry. The wide
sleeves are correct for the date;
and notice the officer in front,
ornaments that resemble
embroidered
(compare with Plate A2). The
standard was thought by
approximate to a regimental
were secondary to the squadron
receive their Eagle until after
sic], 2nd Lieutenant: 6 light sabre cutsto arm and body.
4 Some sources state that this Hungarian Michel (born at Bigor in that country in 1780) was wounded by a blow
down the slopes. Following them, the French Guard cavalry ran into the
forward more squadrons of the Chevalier Guard and Guard Cossacks,
and the struggle began to tip in the Russians favour. Napoleon, in his
Chasseurs and the company of Mamelukes into the fray, which was now
CAMPAIGNS
experience their “rst continental war. Austria, Russia, Sweden and some
and soon, on 2 December … the “rst anniversary of the Emperors
By about 1pm on 2 December, Marshal Soults IV Corps had been
on the Pratzen Heights. The only Coalition reserves within reach were
the Russian Imperial Guard, a corps of 5,400 infantry, 2,600 cavalry and
infantry at the slopes of the Staré Vinohrady hill, held now by Gen
Vandammes bloodied and weakened division of French infantry. The
Vandammes regiments back; and when they rallied, Constantine
personally led his heavy cavalry forward, sending squadrons of Prince
Repnins Chevalier Guards in a charge which smashed a French square
soldiers prisoner. At Courtrai in Flanders on
31 March 1814, while serving with Maisons 1st
Army, he and a handful of Mamelukes captured
Prussian cavalrymen, pursuing them for some
time and killing or capturing every single enemy.
Order of St Louis (27 February 1815). When
Augsburg c.1805 shows a
an Elite Gendarme of the Guard,
dragoon. Here again the early
By decree, French officers of
the Mamelukes were allowed
to wear the undress uniform of
off duty (the use of the bicorne
hat was typical of that order
of dress). The colour was dark
blue trimmed with red, with
a red waistcoat and gold lace
and embroidery. Later during
the Empire we “nd officers and
NCOs wearing with undress a
dark blue hussar-style pelisse
dying in Paris on 8 February 1824.
Yakoub Habaïbi
side during Gen Bonapartes Syrian campaign … a
his family, since a large number of his relatives
were slaughtered by the Turks in reprisal. He
ceremonies of a glittering
regime was Napoleons
coronation on 2 December 1804,
and Hoffmann left us a number
officer. The white heron plume
perhaps apart from the rich gold
embroidery of his out“t. While
sources show NCO sleeve
stripes, officers did not wear
1813; however, a portrait
miniature of Abdallah dAsbonne
descadron
only known garrison life, training in French military drill, or escort
duty in attendance on the First Consul during his travels. Napoleons
routines. However, more and more of them were considered un“t for
service, and numbers dropped by about 40 troopers. Taking this into
account, on 21 January 1804 Bonaparte decreed the corps “nal
period when officers expressed
Consuls Guard. This superb
or horse-drummer.
Mamelukes still wore their
Egyptian clothing, although from
their admission to the Guard of
receiving more uniform issues.
Here we see a blue shabraque
red and bearing a corner motif
resembling
as red, although by decree it
should have been green. The
trousers suggest
summer dress. The wide-sleeved
period; and note the V-neck of
more typically cut round at the
their sabres hilt forwards, cutting
edge backwards. This rider also
decree for one company, but
there is no proof that this was
ever organized. (Courtesy Musée
Collection, Salon-de-Provence)
the Mamelukes were former heroes of the Egyptian campaign. Serving
at Sediman and Samanhout. Delaître, former ADC to Gen Kléber, was
commissaire des guerres
Napoleons Red Lancers
Mameluke weapons were made
by French artists in Egypt, the
ship for France. The decree
Corps stated that the French
government had to provide
four holstered pistols (D), and
scimitar (E & F). All were made
the Manufacture de Versailles.
The axe and mace were
probably more ceremonial than
practical, and disappeared
fourrier
(D)
(C)
(E)
(A)
quartermaster, also French,
he wrote from Toulon,
that they would make the best light cavalry in
raising a native corps in the French army,
1800 that officer, serving as
ADC to the commander-in-chief, took the oppor-
after Bonapartes expedition
fashions into the French army.
ordered the organization of auxiliary troops in French service. Two
equal pay and identical organization. One of the two former, already
by squadron leader Sheikh Yakoub Habaïbi; the second was to be
commanded by squadron leader Youssef Hamaoui. The Mameluke
commander by Gen Kléber.
(This is a French version of Serras true name, Bartholomeos.
defeated by Bonaparte at Mount Tabor on 17 April. Unable to take
Acre, however, and with his force ravaged by disease, which accounted
On 15 July a new Turkish army of some 18,000 men, assembled on the
island of Rhodes and convoyed to Egypt by the Royal Navy, landed at
25 July his infantry, led by Gen Lannes, broke into the Turkish position,
Bonapartes Army of the Orient would have some
French armada arrived at Alexandria on 1 July,
and had seized this vital port by the following day.
Murad Bey, by Dutertre; he
face, the result of a sabre cut
received at the Battle
Pyramids. He led the remnants
of his forces south into the
“ghting on for two years before
signing a treaty with the French
that brought peace to southern
reviving the former Mameluke empire that had fallen in 1517. However,
some 20years later the country was ruled by two Mamelukes: Murad Bey,
who held command of the army, and Ibrahim Bey, who dealt with the
NAPOLEONS EGYPTIAN CAMPAIGN
by Vivant Denon, showing
the charge of Murad Beys
Mamelukes against Gen Duguas
division. Vivant Denon always
remembered the élan with which
these elite cavalry charged, but
hereditary, and sons were
lowing their fathers into power.
… the regional military
drawn in Egypt by Dutertre,
that he had launched a quarter-century before continued under his
However, in about 1230 the Sultan of Egypt conceived the idea of
corps of warriors for his own service. In the course of their successful
Men-at-Arms € 429
Napoleons Mamelukes
Ronald Pawly
Illustrated by Patrice Courcelle
Series editor
Martin Windrow
Napoleons Mamelukes
 !
\b\t\n
\b0 \b\t\b1
Napoleons Mamelukes
 !
\b\t\n
\b0 \b\t\b1
Men-at-Arms € 429
Napoleons Mamelukes
Ronald Pawly
Illustrated by Patrice Courcelle
Series editor
Martin Windrow
that he had launched a quarter-century before continued under his
However, in about 1230 the Sultan of Egypt conceived the idea of
corps of warriors for his own service. In the course of their successful
hereditary, and sons were
lowing their fathers into power.
… the regional military
drawn in Egypt by Dutertre,
reviving the former Mameluke empire that had fallen in 1517. However,
some 20years later the country was ruled by two Mamelukes: Murad Bey,
who held command of the army, and Ibrahim Bey, who dealt with the
NAPOLEONS EGYPTIAN CAMPAIGN
by Vivant Denon, showing
the charge of Murad Beys
Mamelukes against Gen Duguas
division. Vivant Denon always
remembered the élan with which
these elite cavalry charged, but
Bonapartes Army of the Orient would have some
French armada arrived at Alexandria on 1 July,
and had seized this vital port by the following day.
Murad Bey, by Dutertre; he
face, the result of a sabre cut
received at the Battle of the
Pyramids. He led the remnants
of his forces south into the
“ghting on for two years before
signing a treaty with the French
that brought peace to southern
Musée National du Château
defeated by Bonaparte at Mount Tabor on 17 April. Unable to take
Acre, however, and with his force ravaged by disease, which accounted
On 15 July a new Turkish army of some 18,000 men, assembled on the
island of Rhodes and convoyed to Egypt by the Royal Navy, landed at
25 July his infantry, led by Gen Lannes, broke into the Turkish position,
ordered the organization of auxiliary troops in French service. Two
equal pay and identical organization. One of the two former, already
by squadron leader Sheikh Yakoub Habaïbi; the second was to be
commanded by squadron leader Youssef Hamaoui. The Mameluke
commander by Gen Kléber.
(This is a French version of Serras true name, Bartholomeos.
that they would make the best light cavalry in
raising a native corps in the French army,
1800 that officer, serving as
ADC to the commander-in-chief, took the oppor-
after Bonapartes expedition
fashions into the French army.
he wrote from Toulon,
quartermaster, also French,
fourrier
(D)
(C)
(E)
(A)
the Mamelukes were former heroes of the Egyptian campaign. Serving
at Sediman and Samanhout. Delaître, former ADC to Gen Kléber, was
commissaire des guerres
Napoleons Red Lancers
Mameluke weapons were made
by French artists in Egypt, the
ship for France. The decree
Corps stated that the French
government had to provide
four holstered pistols (D), and
scimitar (E & F). All were made
the Manufacture de Versailles.
The axe and mace were
probably more ceremonial than
practical, and disappeared
or horse-drummer.
Mamelukes still wore their
Egyptian clothing, although from
their admission to the Guard of
receiving more uniform issues.
Here we see a blue shabraque
red and bearing a corner motif
resembling
as red, although by decree it
should have been green. The
trousers suggest
summer dress. The wide-sleeved
period; and note the V-neck of
more typically cut round at the
their sabres hilt forwards, cutting
edge backwards. This rider also
decree for one company, but
there is no proof that this was
ever organized. (Courtesy Musée
Collection, Salon-de-Provence)
routines. However, more and more of them were considered un“t for
service, and numbers dropped by about 40 troopers. Taking this into
account, on 21 January 1804 Bonaparte decreed the corps “nal
period when officers expressed
Consuls Guard. This superb
only known garrison life, training in French military drill, or escort
duty in attendance on the First Consul during his travels. Napoleons
descadron
dying in Paris on 8 February 1824.
Yakoub Habaïbi
side during Gen Bonapartes Syrian campaign … a
his family, since a large number of his relatives
were slaughtered by the Turks in reprisal. He
ceremonies of a glittering
regime was Napoleons
coronation on 2 December 1804,
and Hoffmann left us a number
officer. The white heron plume
perhaps apart from the rich gold
embroidery of his out“t. While
sources show NCO sleeve
stripes, officers did not wear
1813; however, a portrait
miniature of Abdallah dAsbonne
By decree, French officers of
the Mamelukes were allowed
to wear the undress uniform of
off duty (the use of the bicorne
hat was typical of that order
of dress). The colour was dark
blue trimmed with red, with
a red waistcoat and gold lace
and embroidery. Later during
the Empire we “nd officers and
NCOs wearing with undress a
dark blue hussar-style pelisse
soldiers prisoner. At Courtrai in Flanders on
31 March 1814, while serving with Maisons 1st
Army, he and a handful of Mamelukes captured
Prussian cavalrymen, pursuing them for some
time and killing or capturing every single enemy.
Order of St Louis (27 February 1815). When
Augsburg c.1805 shows a
an Elite Gendarme of the Guard,
dragoon. Here again the early
CAMPAIGNS
experience their “rst continental war. Austria, Russia, Sweden and some
and soon, on 2 December … the “rst anniversary of the Emperors
By about 1pm on 2 December, Marshal Soults IV Corps had been
on the Pratzen Heights. The only Coalition reserves within reach were
the Russian Imperial Guard, a corps of 5,400 infantry, 2,600 cavalry and
infantry at the slopes of the Staré Vinohrady hill, held now by Gen
Vandammes bloodied and weakened division of French infantry. The
Vandammes regiments back; and when they rallied, Constantine
personally led his heavy cavalry forward, sending squadrons of Prince
Repnins Chevalier Guards in a charge which smashed a French square
down the slopes. Following them, the French Guard cavalry ran into the
forward more squadrons of the Chevalier Guard and Guard Cossacks,
and the struggle began to tip in the Russians favour. Napoleon, in his
Chasseurs and the company of Mamelukes into the fray, which was now
sic], 2nd Lieutenant: 6 light sabre cutsto arm and body.
4 Some sources state that this Hungarian Michel (born at Bigor in that country in 1780) was wounded by a blow
cavalry of some 80 squadrons (10,500 men) in a charge in two columns
against a 70-gun Russian grand battery, to pierce the centre of the
The charge of the Mounted
the Imperial Guard at Austerlitz,
French light cavalry. The wide
sleeves are correct for the date;
and notice the officer in front,
ornaments that resemble
embroidered
(compare with Plate A2). The
standard was thought by
approximate to a regimental
were secondary to the squadron
receive their Eagle until after
2: Ali, Mameluke of the Empress, 1803
3: Ali, 2nd Mameluke of the Emperor, 1813
1: Officer, Napoleons coronation, 1804
2: Officer, summer dress
3: Mameluke, non-regulation dress
2: Chef descadron Kirmann, 1809…10
1: Mameluke, regulation Oriental dress
2: Mameluke, regulation Oriental dress
1: Mameluke, campaign dress
2: Officer, campaign dress
3: French Mameluke,
Oriental campaign dress
1: Officer, campaign dress
2: Mameluke, campaign dress
the ports of continental Europe to Britains
Emperors personal servant
would become the Emperors
shadow, remaining close to him
himself preferred simple
ceremonial), he encouraged
spend lavishly on their dr
Roustams were possibly the
stabbing, and trying to drag
without mercy. Daumesnil had
than one story of atrocities committed in reprisal by the Mamelukes.
way into the convent, killing everyone they found there … monks, men
ABOVEANDOPPOSITE
Two studies of Mamelukes
However, Abdallah had so
three Turkish ships that were
anchored in the harbour. By
now, little by little, soldiers
company, receiving Oriental
Serving on in Spain under
ember 1810, and serving on
Mameluke is surrounded by
Mounted Chasseur, and a
cuirassier. See reconstruction
by Benjamin Zix, of the
during his service, disap-
in Tunis in 1791; and Hanna
Daboussi, a 34-year-old Greek
Borisov. Deported to Siberia,
Goyas painting of the Dos
dragging Mamelukes from their
of atrocities during this episode,
but in fact the nominal rolls
The twilight of the Empire, 1813…14
Early in 1813 the Emperor, aided by his Grand Marshal of the Palace
cavalry, in particular, in a dangerously weakened state; but the Imperial
Guard would become stronger than ever … at least on paper.
from 18 January 1813, to an establishment of ten squadrons with
An impression by Job of
Mamelukes charging through
was a former sergeant, and served in the rank of
Yannis, born at Souli in 1789; Lolio Nacco, born
on 20 March 1814 near Méry.
Steadily, the Oriental speci“cs
of the uniform were transformed
into more suitable items
for European climate and
increasingly obvious from 1809
onwards. The uniforms were
mainly green and red, matching
with whom they rode; after
1808 the French light cavalry
shown here as green with a red
edges, and red/white fringing.
However, we must point out that
Dresden on 18 September. Two days later the
Frenchman, 22-year-old Christophe Bordeaux
from Cardanville, was taken prisoner. This spread
of military origins in recruitment to the corps.
27 February; an Italian, Jean Marie Riva, born at Colsanzan in 1788, who
was wounded no less than eight times at Arcis-sur-Aube on 20 March;
the German-born Guillaume Finkein, taken prisoner near Méry on
the Second Empire of the last
THE PLATES
This French officer commanded the Mamelukes of the
Consular Guard, adopting their exotic dress and style of
weaponry; note, however, that his gold-fringed sash is in
the regulation blue of a French
lArmées former Brunon Collection at the Château de
lEmperi … is in fact French-made, despite its transformation
A2: Ali, Mameluke of the Empress, 1803
This reconstruction is after a painting of this date by Van Bree.
Information on the duties and dress of Napoleons servant
and bodyguard Roustam, and a uniform illustration, can
Napoleons Imperial Headquarters (1)
A3: Ali, 2nd Mameluke of the Emperor, 1813
narrow green and gold lace borders on his
C3: Mameluke in non-regulation dress
Reconstructed from original contemporary items, this rear
decoration and the rear vent with many small ball buttons;
the slung blunderbuss … probably only carried on parade
rather than on campaign; the suspension of the scimitar from
cords; and a decorated pouch slung in the same manner.
This “gure is after a drawing by C.G.Geissler. Note the
French carbine slung from the regulation issue belt, and the
shabraque with drawn-out rear corners in light cavalry
style. From about this date onwards the sources show the
European style, and it begins to acquire a low standing
collar. Here the
is green with
gold or yellow embroidery, the
colours reflecting that of the Mounted Chasseurs. It is
The Oriental dress was probably worn only on special
occasions, and in the “eld only when the Emperor was
present in person.
G3: French Mameluke, regulation Oriental
campaign dress
Intriguingly, note that the axe is still carried attached to the
H1: Officer, campaign dress
This regulation everyday and “eld uniform features the old
of the Mounted Chasseurs, dating from the
Mameluke NCO of French origin, in an illustration after a
drawing made by Gen Vanson during one of the annual
parades on the Place Vendôme to commemorate the
Emperors birthday. It shows a uniform worn at the end of
bold
Plates are shown with page and caption
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