ЕГЭ 2016_англ_11 кл_тренир 1_14.12.2015_195 мин_вар АЯ10101_9 стр


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ɤɚɠɞɨɝɨ
ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɨɟɫɨɨɬɜɟɬ
ɭɫɥɵɲɢɬɟ
Thespeakerexpressesnostalgiaabouttheearlierdaysofthef
Thespeakerdescribesafestivalthatcelebratesanoldsymboli
ctradition.
Thespeakersaysthefestivalsupportsworthycauses.
Thespeakerwantedtofitinwiththecrowdatthefestival.
Thespeakerpreferssmallerfestivalswithaspecialatmosphere
Thespeakerwasimpressedbythenumberandrangeofculturale
Thespeakerhadafrighteningexperienceduringthefestival.
ABCDEF
1±True
2±False
ɢɨ
ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɢ
Ɂɚɧɟɫɢɬɟɧɨɦɟɪ
ɜɚɪɢɚɧɬɚɨɬɜɟɬɚ
.11
2016
ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɭɸ
Theinterviewermentionsfamousbunniesbecause
sheconsidersthemverycute.
itcreatesapositiveimageofarabbit.
itisEasterseason.
ThefirstEuropeantoexploreAustraliawas
from+olland.
Captain-amesCook.
arunawaycriminal.
AccordingtothespeakerAustraliawascoloni]edby
eoplefrom+olland.
theBritish.
differentEuropeans.
ThefirstEuropeanrabbitswerebroughttoAustraliaas
familypets.
animalsforhunting.
foodsupplies.
.11
2016
AfarmerwasresponsiblefortherabbitprobleminAustraliabe
severalofhisrabbitsranawayfromtheircages.
helettherabbitsoutintothewildforentertainment.
hehadtoomanyrabbitsandwantedtogetridofthem.
:hichofthefollowingwas
thereasonwhyrabbitscausedeconomicdamage
toAustralia"
Thepopulationofrabbitsdramaticallyincreasedinnumbersveryquickly.
Rabbitsateallthegrassandplantsthatweremeantforfeedingsheep.
Rabbitsdamagedalotofelectricwiresthroughoutthecountry.
RabbitsinAustraliadestroy
Ⱥɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɣɹɡɵɤ
ɤɥɚɫɫ
ȼɚɪɢɚɧɬȺə
101015
ɋɬɚɬȽɪɚɞ
2015−2016
Ɋɚɡɞɟɥ
2.
ɑɬɟɧɢɟ
ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɦɟɠɞɭɬɟɤɫɬɚɦɢ
AG
ɢɡɚɝɨɥɨɜɤɚɦɢ
18.
Ɂɚɧɟɫɢɬɟɫɜɨɢɨɬɜɟɬɵɜɬɚɛɥɢɰɭ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɤɚɠɞɭɸɰɢɮɪɭ
ɬɨɥɶɤɨɨɞɢɧ
ɪɚɡ
ȼɡɚɞɚɧɢɢɨɞɢɧɡɚɝɨɥɨɜɨɤɥɢɲɧɢɣ
1.
A Jood source of LnformatLon
5.
MaNLnJ Lt quLcN and effLcLent
2.
From eOLtLst NnoZOedJe to
democratLc usaJe
6.
TKe vLctory of tecKnoOoJy
3.
TKe revLvaO of Oetter ZrLtLnJ
.
Beauty Ls forever
4.
A beautLfuO tradLtLon Oost
.
As OonJ as you can ZrLte on Lt!
A. TK
Ls som
tKLnJ pO
asant about r
LvLnJ a KandZrLtt
n O
r from a frL
It Ls aOso v
ry
nMoyabO
to ZrLt
a Oetter – cKoosLnJ tKe paper and enveOope,
ZrLtLnJ ZLtK a favourLte pen, and tKe satLsfyLnJ cOosure of OLc
NLnJ tKe enveOope
and puttLnJ on a stamp. UnfortunateOy, sLnce tKe ZLdespread use
of emaLO, no
many peopOe ZrLte and send Oetters any more. TKe KLstory of Oet
ter ZrLtLnJ,
KoZever, Ls very LnterestLnJ.
B. Before tKe LnventLon of tKe postaO servLce, Oetters Zere deO
Lvered on foot b
courLers. TKe ancLent GreeNs used
atKOetLc runners for tKat. La
ter, Korses Zere
used because tKey Zere faster and couOd be cKanJed at varLous s
tatLons. TKe
Romans deveOoped tKLs system Lnt
o a postaO servLce. TKe LatLn Z
ord 'posLtus'
meant carrLers, and tKat Ls ZKere
tKe EnJOLsK Zord 'post' comes
from.
C. TKe materLaO of Oetter ZrLtLnJ Kas cKanJed over tLme. OrLJLn
aOOy, peopOe Zrote
on cOay tabOets. Later tKe EJyptLans started usLnJ papyrus, a p
Oant tKat JroZs L
tKe rLver. TKe EnJOLsK Zord 'paper' comes from tKLs pOant. In t
Ke West, pape
Zas produced from anLmaO sNLns. In medLevaO tLmes, tKe Sa[ons u
sed tKe bar
of tKe beecK tree, caOOed bóN. TKLs Ls ZKere tKe EnJOLsK Zord '
booN' comes
from.
D. LLteracy Kas Kad a bLJ effect on Oetter ZrLtLnJ: Lf you can'
t read you can't ZrLte
Oetters! Before tKe 15
century Oetter ZrLtLnJ Zas restrLcted to Jovernments, tKe
cKurcK, and tKe arLstocracy. After tKe LnventLon of tKe prLntLn
J press tKat made
booNs cKeaper, OLteracy Zas JreatOy Lncreased. OrdLnary
eopOe started ZrLtLnJ
Oetters and Lt became tKe most popuOar and tKe onOy Zay of OonJ
dLstance
communLcatLon untLO tKe LnventLon of tKe teOeJrapK Ln 13.
Much of what we know of the lives of people long dead comes from personal
Greek and Roman civilizations, but much of what we know of daily life from
information about the famous people they are writing about from thei


art of life. People wrote not only to keep in touch but also as a method o
communication holds many advantages. You don't need to worry about the
hassle of paper, envelopes, stamps, and going to the mailbox. It is also possible
ɱɚɫɬɹɦɢ
17

The Survival of the Welsh Language
Wales is a small country of just over 3 million people, on the north west
seaboard of Europe. Despite many historical incursions of other peoples,
particularly the English, it has preserved its ancient Celtic language,
___________________________. Welsh is habitually spoken by about 10% of
the people, half understood by a further 10%, and not spoken at all by the majority
By 1919 there was a considerable drop in Welsh speakers. This was due to
the large flows of capital investment from England into the South Wales coalfield,
In the rural mountain areas 80% to 85% of the population were Welsh
___________________________. However, in the coalfield country of
Glamorgan 70% spoke English only, and in its neighbour border county the figure
By 1931 the number of people able to speak Welsh in the whole of Wales
had fallen to 37% of the population,
continued to drop and reached its lowest 18.6% - in the 1990s. But by the start of
century, numbers had begun to increase again and reached 21.7% in 2004!
the only one of a number of allied languages that remain
where Welsh was studied as language and literature in an academic manner
apart from the fact that Welsh was not permitted to be used at all in the schools
bringing a flood of immigrant labour from all over Britain
A B C D E F
1218
1, 2, 3
.
When you fall asleep, you enter a strange and magical world. This is the
world of dreams.
In Greek and Roman times, it was believed that gods communicated with
people through dreams and that dreams could predict the future. Often these
dreams were difficult to understand, so a person known as an oracle would be
consulted to interpret the dream. The oracles that could correctly understand the
dreams were highly valued since they advised what needed to be done or avoided
century psychologists such as Sigmund Freud developed the
theory that dreams express our deepest fears and desires. Therefore, common
dreams such as failing a test or being late may simply be an expression of what you
are afraid of, while dreams of becoming a millionaire may just express what
we wish. However, some dreams might not be so obvious and can be cloaked in
could tell you what your dreams meant.
avoided having dreams about the future.
century psychologists thought that dreams
contained meaningless symbols.
Modern science tells us that dreams
dont have any important meaning.
activate a persons abstract thinking.
People who say that they never have any dreams,
simply dont remember them.
have problems with their eyes.
have dreams more often than humans.
have the same stages of sleep as humans.
like opossums have a longer deep sleep stage.
differ in the amount of dreams they experience.
Lucid dreaming happens
People who have lucid dreams like them because lucid dreaming
ɉɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɭɣɬɟ
ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɯ
ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜ






November 21. Today, I took the entire __________________
grade on a fieldtrip to the state capital. It was incredible!
The __________________ met a state senator. She showed
them around the capitol building. They even got to listen to the
After the tour they had so many questions for the senator! I
could not help smiling at the interesting topics they raised. Im
A Long School Year
How would you like to go to school on Saturdays? If you lived
in Japan, that's just where you _____________ each Saturday
morning. Japanese students attend classes five and a half days a
It is also interesting to know that the Japanese school year is
one of the ______________ in the world over 240 days. It
begins in the month of April.
The people of Japan believe that a good education is very
important. Children _____________ to attend school from the
age of six to the age of fifteen. Then most students go on to
ɬɟɤɫɬ
ɤɨɧɰɟ
ɨɞɧɨɤɨɪɟɧɧɵɟ
ɫɥɨɜɚ
ɥɟɤɫɢɱɟɫɤɢ
ɬɟɤɫɬɚ
ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɨɦɭ







The cause of the _______________ growth of cities from the
century onwards is the ascendancy of industry over
The mechanization of agriculture and the abolition of serfdom
in Europe left an excess of labour in rural areas, and that labour
force flooded into the cities when the Industrial Revolution
factories and workshops.
By 1900, nine European cities had more than a million
For many people life in cities was often _________________. MISERY
mortality rate kept city growth __________________ slow.

. 11
.

2016
.

ɧɨɦɟɪɚɦɢ

32–38




.



1, 2, 3
4,




.
The Chameleon Stone
That morning Tanon, a young farmer’s boy, discovered a strange stone in
32
______the touch. Well, not exactly cold, more cool
and smooth. It was fashioned like no other stone that Tanon had ever seen. He was
33
______ his gaze like a venomous snake did its prey, just
this most precious of objects. At least, Tanon presumed it was precious, but now he
34
____. Should he take it immediately to his master or could he
35
______ to its smoothness for just a little longer? A clap of thunder broke
his daydream and he turned his gaze heavenwards. Dark clouds were forming
36
______ smoke billowing from an open fire and Tanon knew he had not much
storm came to bear down on the farm.
37
as he was standing up, his prize
started to change. Swirling mists and patterns drifted over its outer layer and a pale
pulsing light seemed to throb from its core. Tanon
38 ________
this some sort of magical object?








:

















:










:

almost

glimpsed

39



ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ
ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɢ

ɇɢɤɚɤɢɟ
ɛɭɞɭɬ
ɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶɫɹ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶ
ɫɨɛɥɸɞɟɧɢɹ
ɬɟɤɫɬɚ
ɬɪɟɛɭɟɦɵɣ
ȿɫɥɢ
ɞɪɭɝɭɸ
ɟɝɨ


What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
200250 words
make an introduction (state the problem);
express your personal opinion and give 23 reasons for your opinion;
ȺɇȽɅɂɃɋɄɈɆɍ
əɁɕɄɍ
ɱɚɫɬɶ
1
ɱɬɟɧɢɟ
ɜɫɥɭɯ
ȼɪɟɦɹ
2

3
ɩɪɟɞɥɚɝɚɟɬɫɹ
ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɭ
4
ɡɚɞɚɱɚ
ɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɭ
ɉɨɫɬɚɪɚɣɬɟɫɶ
ɡɚɞɚɱɢ
ɫɬɚɪɚɣɬɟɫɶ
ɨɬɯɨɞɢɬɶ
Task 1.
Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have
found some interesting material for presentation and you want to read this
text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be
ready to read it out loud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Many parents do not like their children to play video games. One reason is that it
is a waste of time. Instead of playing games, they could be spending their time
wisely, doing homework, exercising, or cleaning the house. Another reason is
that many games are destructive and violent, causing children to behave badly
and aggressively in the real world. Finally, video games are often addictive and
thus discourage children from having other hobbies and interests. All of these are
good reasons to dislike video games. Nevertheless, there are some good reasons
to allow children to play them. For one thing, not all video games are mindless
Task 2.
You are considering visiting Universal Studios while travelling to Los Angeles
Task 3. Imagine that these are photos from your photo album. Choose one
Photo 1 Photo 2
You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more
than 2 minutes (1215 sentences). In your talk remember to speak about:
You have to talk continuously, starting with:
Ⱥɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɣɹɡɵɤ
ȼɚɪɢɚɧɬȺə
101014
ɋɬɚɬȽɪɚɞ
2015−2016
TasN 4. Study tKe tZo pKotoJrapKs. In 1.5 mLnutes be ready to c
ompare and
contrast tKe pKotoJrapKs:
JLv
a brL
scrLptLon of tK
pKotos actLon, OocatLon
say ZKat tK
pLctur
s Kav
Ln common
say Ln ZKat Zay tK
pLctur
s ar
dLff
nt
say ZKLcK of tK
actLvLtL
s presented Ln tKe pLctures you’d prefer
e[pOaLn ZKy
You ZLOO speaN for not more tKan 2 mLnutes 12–15 sentences . Y
ou Kave to
taON contLnuousOy.
PKoto 1
PKoto 2

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