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Module 1 Ð Communication
Reading & Vocabulary (pp.4-5)
1a⤀
1A3B5D7D
B4A6C
head for
2imitation6
saviour
hurtling
showed
rooted
rendered
declared
reached,arrived
accent,dialect
extends,prolong
last,Later
Listening (p.6)
1B3A5C
2D4F6G
5B7B
2C4A6A
B3C5B7B
A4C6A
Speaking (p.7)
Task 1 (Suggested Answer)
people nowadays are learning foreign languages.䥴픀s
important for anyone who wants to work or study
abroad.For example,if y潵픀re interested in working in
another country,or in having a job that involves working
with foreigners,楴픀s necessary to know at least one
nearly every university
popular,but itÕs not the only one people are learning.I
or more new
languages.Most of them study languages at school,but
or example,there are
Extra Questions (Suggested Answers)
䧕d love to take a summer course in a foreign
country.It would be an excellent way to improve in
foreign language,and it would also be a wonderful
travel experience.
can speak English well,but IÕd still like to improve.
particular,䧕d like to have a larger vocabulary.I
also make mistakes in grammar.
In my opinion,the hardest thing about a new
language is the grammar.Even if you know a
language well,楴픀s still easy to make mistakes when
speaking,and it takes many years of practice
void those mistakes.
Task 2 (Suggested Answer)
one-day excursion would make a nice end-of-year
celebration.Students would enjoy it.We could also
make it educational.
Students would like it,but it would be a bit expensive,
ybe some students wouldnÕt be able to afford
it.It would also be difficult to organise an event like
that for so many students.
OK,what about a classroom party,then? It would be
cheap and easy to do,and everyone would be able to
come.
Y潵픀re right.IÕm just worried that it would be boring
agree,a classroom party might be a little boring.
would be exciting for the students.
How
about having dinner at a smart restaurant? That would
wouldnÕt mind.It would be fun for the students to eat
also a bit expensive and difficult





ThatÕs true.Then maybe we should just have a
lassroom party.We could find ways to make it
interesting.We could organise games and contests,for
example.We could also order pizza.I donÕt think it
will be boring,if we combine food and activities.
Yes,I agree.I think thatÕs the best choice.
Reading & Vocabulary (pp.8-9)
1a⤀
1B3A5F
2G4E6C
1C2A3B4D
1learning4criminal7hotly
2office5flexible8job
3driving6working
1rewarding7butter
2clients8flying
3redundant9habit
4fully-qualified10assured
5seek11challenging
1of3In5with
2to4with6to
(Suggested Answers)
At his new school it was difficult for him to
make
We should
make a decision
about what we want
y day after school we
ercises
make the bed
sheÕs very
young.
Be careful,or you will
make a mistake
My grandmother usually
family.
Why didnÕt you
do your homework
make a call
I think everyone should
make an effort
he environment in some way.
Try not to
make a mess
while y潵픀re cooking.
We have
made changes
to our house.
Can you please
make a copy
of that for me?
SheÕs the woman who
does my hair
My cousin taught me how to
make bread
She spends all day
doing the garden
We need you to
do an errand
for us.
Reading & Vocabulary (pp.10-11)
1a⤀
1C3B5F7E
2A4G6D
1take up6threatens
2spent7are aware
3grow up8promote
4graduate9involves
5generated10explore
1vulnerable 5sampling
2extensively6effective
hazards7effort
4substantial8risky
1in3to 5from 7on9on
2in4from 6at /from8of
3natural6hired
(Suggested Answers)
y people are trying
strained muscles
advantage
5A good teacher must pay attention to the
6We did the job without any
hired help
language teacher
oving on
1B3A5B7A
1no point in (his/him) trying
2spite of (her) being
3what your son looks like
friends,a decision,
the bed,allowances,
e,breakfast,
ort,a mess,
,bread
exercise,a job,
our homework,
4have the same number of
1waited/had been 4placing
waiting5Did you notice
2was asked6was waiting
1wonderful3cultural5difficulty
2decision4firmly6ability
Aaccepting an invitation Ð informal
Bcomplaint Ð formal
Capplication Ð formal
Dexpressing congratulations Ð informal
Erefusing an invitation Ð informal
Frequest for information Ð formal
(Suggested Answers)
Bopening remarks:
I would greatly appreciate it
ou could provide me with some information
on the facilities at the Lindsey Sports Centre.
Copening remarks:
Hi,ho矕s everything going?
ve just heard that you passed your driving test.
attention to the terrible service I received at
your restaurant on Friday 12th June.
closing remarks:
As you can imagine,I am
e you? IÕm just
writing to invite you to my barbecue party next
closing remarks:
Hope you can make it Ð itÕll
formal
to inform you7Dopportunity
2Cbeen accepted8Gfamiliarise
3Hwill be provided9Bon condition
4Iwill be holdingthat
5Esuch as10Jremainder
6ADuring
Informal
1Hi7By the way
2Thanks so much for8want to thank you
3IÕm so sorry9lucky
4writing back to10Write back soon
5hope11Love
6say hi from me!
1B3G5F7E9H
2J4D6I8C
Vocabulary & Grammar Practice I (pp.16-17)
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Module 2 Ð Challenges
Vocabulary (pp.18-19)
1a⤀
1D3A5A7B
2B4B6A
real
regular
1C4D7B10C
2B5B8A11B
3C6C9D12A
spread
extend
Listening (p.20-21)
1E3G5A
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Speaking (p.21)
Task 1 (Suggested Answer)
In my country,there are many popular sports,but
football is probably the most popular.Olympic sports are
also very popular,and we are famous for winning medals
ested Answers)
A person who wants to stay fit should probably
cise at least four times a week.Some people
exercise every day,but I donÕt think itÕs necessary to
exercise so often
For me,the most challenging activities are the ones
that require a lot of strength.IÕm good at football,
because IÕm fast and can kick well,but IÕm not very
big,so IÕve never been good at some of the other
䧕d recommend any team sport,because playing on a
Task 2 (Suggested Answer)
I think a talk on the importance of staying fit would be
a good idea for Health Awareness Week.There are
Yes,I agree.Students could also learn about why fast
foods are so bad for them.But many students already
know that itÕs important to stay fit,and a talk might be
Well,we could organise a fitness day with activities.
That would be exciting,and students could be
introduced to new activities.
ThatÕs a nice idea,but many students are not very fit
and maybe they would find the activities difficult.It
wouldnÕt be fair to them.How about visiting a local
gym to see what programmes are offered there? That
way students could learn about fitness activities
without having to participate.
,and maybe
ThatÕs a good idea,but it might be boring for some
students.I think the best idea is the fitness day.We
could organise many activities so that there would be
It would be a lot of work,but I think y潵픀re right.OK,
y (pp.22-23)
2G4F6D
6insufficient
2rich7residents
4overdue9evacuation
1evacuate6threatened
2share7assume
3estimated8guessed
pose9claimed
5rely 10erupted
1attitude5risk
solution6assumption
3population7base
4relocation8guarantee
5a⤀
1residents4occupants
2tenants5citizens
3locals
1shade2shadow
1cosy3convenient
2comfortable
1miss5miss9loose
2lose6loose10lose
3loose7lose
4lose8miss
Vocabulary (pp.24-25)
1a⤀
1D3A5F7G
2C4B6H
1wind6answered
2concentrate7injured
2hair-raising7mad
3decidedly8unconditional
4foolish9common
5hooked10demanding
1instructors4challenge7rally
2steep5aspects8offer
9characteristics
golf Ð clubs Ð course
4do6go8go10play
3go5play7play9play
(Suggested Answers)
2I
go swimming
3I
go mountain
biking at the weekends.
4I
do my best
5I canÕt
play the piano
6My friends and I like to
go skiing
layed a joke
n my friends.
8I love to
go skateboarding
9On holiday we love to
play games
10I am learning to
play golf
Use of English (pp.26-27)
1C3D5C7C
2B4A6B
1will be seeing Jane
2are sorry to tell
3have not changed since
1have finished5am pulling
2didnÕt pass6donÕt believe
3sighed7handing
1centrally3unexpected5inconvenience
2combination4Visitors6parking
Ainvitation Ð formal
Bexpressing thanks Ð semi-formal
Capplication Ð formal
Dgiving information Ð formal
Egiving news Ð semi-formal
Fgiving information Ð semi-formal
1Crequesting information Ð informal
2A requesting information Ð semi-formal
3Bgiving information Ð formal
y choice of about enrolling
3this decision9understand
5disapprove of11prefer to follow
ppreciate your
7more respectableadvice
Informal
1what you think
2choosing
3up my mind
4Õm so lost
donÕt like
6think that I should
4(Suggested Answers)
BOpening remarks:
Just dropping a line to thank
you for the great advice about fencing.I am really
looking forward to my first lesson next week!
Closing remarks:
Thanks again for all your help.
Opening remarks:
egards
Closing remarks:
Thank you for your time
orward to hearing
from you.
Opening remarks:
Closing remarks:
Hope to see you all there!
Closing remarks:
Once again,I am sorry for
y absence.
FOpening remarks:
I am writing in response to
the recent editorial in your newspaper.Your
story lacked integrity and truth.
Closing remarks:
I hope in the future you do
GOpening remarks:
I am writing to inform you
about the arrangements that have been made in
preparation for your upcoming visit.
e any questions or
concerns,please feel free to contact me.I look
1st extract should be formal because it is written
pleased to receive
2of acceptance from
4fine institution
5However
6few queries
6a⤀
b10a
b5b8a
a6b9b
Vocabulary & Grammar Practice II (pp.30-31)
A13C17C
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B19A
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y (pp.32-33)
1a⤀
1B3D5B7C
2B4C6A
1majority5curfew
2suspects6unsupervised
3innocent7offenders
4prejudice8potential
1C3A5D7B
C4D6D8C
1prevent4treated7cut down
2spotted5committed8pick on
1underage5anti-social 9social
2human rights6police10local
3film7court
4evening8legal
1In most countries,
underage child
child under 18 years of age.
hold events against
racism and prejudice.
Film footage
is quickly becoming a thing of the
past as a result of digital filming.
4I love watching old couples,hand in hand,taking
evening stroll
5The town suffers from all kinds of
7A
court of law
rather than take
w into your own hands.
e mistreated by their parents
y important services this year.
Listening (pp.34-35)
1E3A5B
2C4F6G
4A6A
C5B7C
2B4C6A
Speaking (p.35)
eciate different things when they go
on holiday.Many people enjoy travelling to learn about
relax when they go away,and thatÕs why beach holidays
ord them.Some
people enjoy more challenging activities,such as camping
or extreme sports,but most of the people I know like to
stay in hotels.When I go on holiday,I prefer seeing new
places rather than visiting the same places every time.I
especially love exploring cities IÕve never been to before.
t isnÕt necessary for me to spend a lot of money when
IÕm on holiday to have a good time,and I like to travel
with my friends.Some people love to do extreme
activities.One of my friends spent several days climbing a
mountain during his summer holiday.He told me that he
loves the challenge,and he also likes to keep active.But I
Extra Questions (Suggested Answers)
My dream holiday would be two months of
backpacking in South America.䧕ve always wanted to
go there because the South American countries are
so different from my own country,and I know I
would see many exotic and fascinating things there.
Yes,I would,because I believe itÕs important to help
protect the environment.䥴픀s very irresponsible of
tourists to visit a place without respecting the
nature there.
We have many extreme activities.Ski jumping is
popular,and other activities and sports which
involve cold weather and snow.
y,and I think this
y like to visit
chitecture of the big
ested Answer)
A beach clean-up day would be a fun event for
Tourism & Human Rights Week.Students would enjoy
Yes,楴픀s a nice idea,but it hasnÕt got anything to do
with human rights.I think it would be a lot of fun for
the students but not educational enough,and we
really want them to learn about responsible tourism
and human rights.How about a lecture on responsible
ve a point,but I think that a presentation would
I agree.The only problem is that it would be difficult
to find so many pictures .
Yes,y潵픀re right.OK,so the gallery display is the best
Reading & Vocabulary (pp.36-37)
1a⤀
1B3D5A
2F4E6C
1B3C5A7D
2C4A6C8C
1up to5emphasised
1provides5account for
2wandering6motivated
3went through7deserves
4pointed out8reunited
worker4training7homeless
2on5hall8off
3atmosphere6line
(Suggested Answers)
Staff at Second Chance must be
y,seven days a week.
tant that a homeless shelter provide a
friendly atmosphere
programmes
of Second Chance.
Vocabulary (pp.38-39)
2G4A6D
5joined9popular
2adopt6hooks10benefits
1communicating5exchange
2concentrate6gives
3made7lay
1mouse4memory7keyboard
software5modem8disk drive
3monitor6cable
1travel5water9halls
2personal6look10course
3connection7modern
4timeless8financial
(Suggested Answers)
Space travel
has provided scientists with
valuable information about our solar system.
2PC stands for
3My telephone company provides me with an
4My grandmother taught us the
of making our own quilts.
5Many campsites today offer bathrooms with
6They decorated the room with old furniture to
give it a
unicate with each other.
caused the company to
close.
9My son is staying in the universityÕs
residence
10An
is a course you do over the
A3A5C7B
2C4C6D
2(Suggested Answers)
2hardly ate her
4had no idea about/of
e involved
2had called6have already spent
3gives7becoming
4doesnÕt act
democratic4understanding
2suggestions5statement
3arguments6responsibilities
are inter
your English
.You have found this
for
,using
your notes
1An English school in Bath.
2Formal,because we do not know the reader.
3To request information related to the
advertisement.
4B
5A,B,D,E,G,I,J,K
62B3A 4A
(Suggested Answer)
I am writing to you because I am interested in
applying for your summer course and would like
to request some information.
ou could inform me on
I look forward
I would like to know if you offer any
weekend specials.
Are the exams written or oral?
I am interested in finding out if there are any
overnight stays on these excursions.
6(D) Ð I would like to know if I have to bring my
own cooing utensils.
Do you have any part-time positions
available?
Exactly how many students are there in each
3 a)(Suggested Answers)
How old?
3Shared or private accommodations?
y hours per week?
5Which evenings?
7What exactly?
b)(Suggested Answers)
2I would appreciate it if you could tell me the
ages of the students./Could you please tell
3I would like to know about the
ccommodations./ What are the
accommodations like?
c)(Suggested Answer)
I am writing to you because I am interested in
applying for the position of English teacher you
have advertised,and would like to request some
information about the job.
ertisement states that the position is
for English tutors abroad.I would appreciate it if
you could inform me which countries are
included in the program.I would also like to
know the ages of the students.You mention free
accommodation.What is it like?
With regard to the salary and hours,could you
please tell me how much money I would be paid,
and exactly what the benefits are? I would also
like to know what the working hours are,and
which evenings are free.
possible.I look forward to hearing from you.
Yours faithfully,
Vocabulary & Grammar Practice III (pp.44-45)
1A5B9B13B17D
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Module 4 Ð Survival
Reading & Vocabulary (pp.46-47)
1a⤀
1A3B5B7D
C4C6A
1C3C5C7D9A
2A4B6A8C10B
1came round5part
2former6belonged
3discussion7eager
4advised8Initially
Listening (pp.48-49)
1B3G5C
2F4A6D
1B3C5B7A
2A4A6C
B3A5C7C
2C4B6B
Speaking (p.49)
Task 1 (Suggested Answer)
Farmers work with animals,and so do the people who
ested Answers)
䥴픀s not wrong to keep animals in zoos,as long as
y are cared for properly.Some zoos work to
protect endangered animals,or animals that
e on their own.
Many birds are facing extinction,and so are whales.
n particular,animals that have been hunted for
many years are endangered.
I donÕt know very much about animals,but IÕm
interested in helping the environment,and
volunteering to protect animals would be a good
way to do that.It would also be a great travel
opportunity.
In my city,we have a problem with homeless dogs
and cats.I donÕt know too much about what is being
done,but I do know that there are organisations
that work to help them.
Task 2 (Suggested Answer)
I think a trip to an animal shelter would be a great
idea for Animal Welfare Week.Students would learn
about caring for animals.Most students like animals,
and I think they would enjoy spending time with
I agree,but it sounds difficult to organise.In my
ybe students ar敮픀t very interested in helping local
e many activities that we could
organise.A car wash,for example.Many people in the
community will be happy to help if we tell them what
the money is for.And I think we could make it fun for
the students,too.
re right.We could make it fun,and I agree that
local people would like to help.But what about a
photo exhibit about endangered animals? It might
encourage students to adopt animals.That would be
another way for students to help.
I think it would be popular,but itÕs difficult for
students to adopt animals on their own.䥴픀s more
important to educate the students on animal welfare.
Well,then,how about a talk by an expert on how to
Yes,that is the best idea.It would also raise awareness
Reading & Vocabulary (pp.50-51)
1a⤀
1D3F5C
2A4B6G
1track5climate9prices
trees6polar10areas
3golden7life
4level8high
(Suggested Answers)
1Tuvalu is
2There are beautiful
palm trees
3Everyone enjoys relaxing on the
golden
4The
sea level
has been rising each year.
5The
climate change
problems for the islands.
6As the
polar ice caps
continue to melt,more
of the island is being washed away.
7Floods continue to threaten the nativesÕ
way of
life
bring the water all the way to
peopleÕs doorsteps.
9Flooded areas cause
to drop.
10The sea floods the
low-lying areas
1D3D5D7D9B
2A4A6A8C10C
1ashore5grazing9unusable
2remote6nation10cutting
3calculations7intended
4effect8based on
5a⤀
1coast3soil
2land4coastline
1habit3custom
2tradition
Vocabulary (pp.52-53)
E7H
2A4G6F
pplied for5repairing
2respect6looking forward to
vent7attend
1A3B5C7B
2D4D6A8D
1remote5blue9life
health6volunteer10rare
3thatched7post
4crack8doctors
(Suggested Answers)
1They live in a
remote village
in the rainforest far
away from civilisation.
2There are hundreds of doctors and nurses that
have volunteered for the
health project
3He lives in a
water.
4We had to wake up at the
crack of dawn
out of the blue
to volunteer his
time.
6I am going away on a
volunteer project
the survivors of the earthquake.
7My cousin has just accepted a
a very needy area of Africa.
y remote areas need
treat and inform villagers.
9There are some people who like living a
life
in the countryside
10On
rare occasions
volunteers in remote areas
decide to stay there and live.
Use of English (pp.54-55)
1A3B5C7B
D4A6C
1me a hand moving
orried to
3on purpose,or was
5put up with
7despite the band(Õs) starting
8pay (careful) attention to
1stared5have saved
wouldnÕt/w潮픀t
3spendinghave
1dangerous4ensure
2decision5users
3impatient 6responsibility
Writing skills Ð Argumentative (pp.56-57)
beginnings:2,3,4
ndings:1,5,6
advantages & disadvantages:1,4,6
opinion:2,3,6
solution:2,5
start with an objective statement:2,3
make reference to a strange scene/situation:4
address the reader directly:4
state a problem that needs a solution:2,3
give your opinion on the topic:1,6
2a⤀
A 2B4C1D3
Secondly
Additionally,Also,Moreover
Finally
Additionally,Also,Moreover
However
To begin with,First of all
For example
For instance
In addition
Additionally,Also,Moreover
4a⤀A
There would certainly be plenty of advantages of
There are definitely a number of advantages
to substituting public transport for cars.
On the other hand,totally replacing car travel with
public transport is not without its disadvantages.
er,there are some drawbacks to the
sole use of public transport instead of cars.
(Suggested Answers)
1On the one hand there are several
ges of camping holidays.
example,costs are kept down since renting
caravan is far less costly than hotel
ccommodation,and so,you can enjoy a
reasonable holiday for a fraction of the price
you would otherwise pay.
Secondly,camping holidays allow you to be
close to nature and enable you to appreciate
things that you may not have the chance to
try if you are confined in a hotel such as the
outdoors,fresh air and rustic living.
Finally,campsites often have entertainment
or activities available where campers have
the opportunity to engage in numerous
activities such as hiking,fishing,bird-watching,
2However there are some disadvantages
to not having a TV at all.
not being kept informed of events happening
someone is,there will be times they will not be
In addition,you can almost always count on your
family to be there for you.
5a⤀
Viewpoints
퀠close friend may
not always be there
퀀 family accepts you
as you are
Ð close friend
provides what we
퀠move house or
퀀 put up with your
퀠enjoy each otherÕs
company
For
improved health,
towns & cities would
become more
pleasant;dramatic
reduction in traffic
public transport may
travel would be limited
6Beginning
tarts with an objective statement
expresses personal opinion
repeats personal opinion
includes a popular saying/quote
Suitable alternatives
to begin essay:
offering a general thought
Suggested answer:
Can you imagine what it
would be like to suddenly have no friends to spend
to end essay:
Suggested answer:
After all,where would we be
without family?
ective way,
y could,such as,Another important way,
Teens should,
1Nowadays,technology has made it possible for
students to do research for school projects
without even leaving their homes.It has even
y & Grammar Practice IV (pp.58-59)
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7a⤀
Suggestions
퀠handle stress (do
sth relaxing each
stay healthy (get
enough sleep,
exercise and eat
regular,nutritious
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Module 5 Ð Spoilt for choice
Reading & Vocabulary (pp.60-61)
1a⤀
1D3B5B7D
2A4A6C
1crawl5spotted9serves
2hobbled6meant10landed
3chase away7examined
4stowed8struck
1opportunity5wrong
2congratulated6refreshed
3spot7uneven
1glorious4tinned7false
2frightening5nature8light
3will6bad
1On this
the birds are
2I am stranded but try not to have any
3My
will power
w潮픀t allow me to give up.
4I pack some
tinned food
and water for my
camping trip.
5I spend so much time in the forest that people
nature lover
6I catch a
bad break
and rain leaks into my tent.
7If I take one
I will slide down the
8A
makes the trail slippery.
Listening (pp.62-63)
1F3A5C
2G4D6B
1B3B5A7C
2A4C6B
1A3A5A7B
2B4B6C
Speaking (p.63)
Task 1 (Suggested Answer)
oung children need many things.I think the most
important of all is a supportive,caring family.Everything
that young children learn they learn from their parents,
Extra Questions (Suggested Answers)
Nowadays,there are many working mothers,and I
think that for this reason many children donÕt spend
enough time with their mothers.Another problem
e becoming less interested in
ork with children you must be very patient,
above all.䥴픀s important to treat them kindly and
respectfully.If you work with children professionally
Ð as a teacher,for example - you must be well-
trained and knowledgeable in your field.
Yes,I spend a lot of time with my family.We take
ested Answer)
I think the best option for Career Day would be to
eer.It would
be easy to organise at the school.It would also be
I agree,but the students are still too young to choose
I agree that it would be helpful,but the students
robably w潮픀t be very interested in talking for long
with the representatives.It would also be difficult
I agree.The only problem is that students w潮픀t need
job interview skills for a few more years.It would be
Yes,I think y潵픀re right.The career workshop is the
Reading & Vocabulary (pp.64-65)
1a⤀
1E3B5A
2G4C6F
4draw9disputed
5introduced 10suggest
1C3A5A7C
2B4D6A8A
1dotted4flaws7dramatic
vidence6timber
widely7ecological
2human5modern8tropical
1It is from
that many people
waste natural resources.
2Slowly,the forest recovered after the fires
without any
human intervention
entrance of the Great Temple at Abu Simbel.
4It is now
widely accepted
that Troy really did
5Life in the
modern world
is more difficult than
many had hoped.
6Rising sea levels have put several
7The destruction of the Amazon rainforest is
ecological catastrophe
8Many people dream of taking a holiday on a
tropical island
Reading & Vocabulary (pp.66-67)
1a⤀
1F3D5A7B
2C4G6H
1converted5recycle9reuses
2consume6reduce10recommend
3refused7rejects
1B3C5A7C
2D4B6B8D
1downshift3financial5converted
2exchanges4item6profits
landfill4energy7hard
2rise5garden8relaxing
3false6constant
(Suggested Answers)
e try to recycle instead of using
2She asked her boss for a
pay rise
Susan rejects what she believes is a
and has begun growing and selling
environmental problems.
6My job is stressful,with
8Gardening is a
relaxing hobby
Use of English (pp.68-69)
1D3A5B7B
1䧕d rather not play
ve her kitchen
3had no intention of insulting
5have my hair cut by
7ar敮픀t allowed to leave
8managed to finish
1was helping4will chat
had studied/5donÕt you take
had been studying6smiling
3to do7Are
1luxurious3publicity5legendary
2Originally4unexpected6generations
Writing reviews/articles (pp.70-71)
1a⤀
A3B1C4D2
b)plot:
weak,highly entertaining
performances:
fast-paced,must-see
imaginative
new
2The script was
well-written
4The actor portrayed a
good
character.
5The gameplay was
structured
6The plot of the book was
strong
and very
3 positive review:
3,4,5
negative review:
1,2,6
4(Suggested Answer)
many people will be more familiar with the film
starring Anthony Quinn.It is a story about two very
different men.The first is a writer,who spends much
eading and writing and thinking.The
second is Zorba,a character so full of energy that
that life is precious and should be lived,not thought
Over the course of the
story,Zorba tries to convince his friend to change his
ectly to you,the
reader,and you canÕt help but be changed by him too.
Il Postino
(The Postman).It is
composed by Luis Enrique Bacalov and won an
Academy Award for Best Original Dramatic Score.
1B2A3C
1offering a general thought
1narrative techniques
2descriptive techniques
7a⤀
b)(Suggested Answer)
Book review
TheWind in the Willows
as a child,I was
thrilled by the adventures of Mole and Rat,and
shocked by the pride and arrogance of Toad.And
When you travel that far from home,who
nows where you might end up?
If you are a beginner cyclist,you should consider
our goals:are you interested mainly in exercise,
or in recreation? Bicycling is a wonderful way to
tay in shape,but it is also a relaxing pastime.
Another piece of advice I would give to a
beginner is to invest in good equipment from the
start.It is not necessary to buy a very expensive
bicycle,but the cheaper ones can be unsafe.A
Over the years,I have eaten in wonderful
estaurants all round the world:London,Paris,
York,Rome.But by far the best meal I have
ver had was at the top of a mountain in Chile.
walked and travelled by bus,stopping in remote
villages.Nearly everywhere we went,we were
impressed by the hospitality and friendliness of
the locals,and while the food was usually far
from luxurious,it was always wholesome and
.One winter morning,we started walking
from one mountain village to another.It began
to snow,however,and within an hour we were
,we found a small village the next
morning.Since there was no restaurant in the
e asked a local man if there was
somewhere we could eat.He signalled to us to
out two large bowls of porridge and a pitcher of
water.The porridge was simple,but wonderful.
Because I had not eaten for so long,I felt at that
moment as if I had never before tasted anything
There is no doubt that the Ritz in Paris is a
abulous way to celebrate a special occasion and
you will have an exquisite and memorable meal,
but when you are lost,cold and hav敮픀t eaten for
over a day,nothing beats a slightly warm bowl of
porridge.
Vocabulary & Grammar Practice V (pp.72-73)
1D5D9D13C17C
2B6A10C14B18B
3C7C11A15D19B
4D8C12D16A20D
1C5A9A13A17C
2B6D10A14D18C
3D7B11B15A19A
4B8C12D16B20B
Further Practice Section
Key Word Transformations (pp.74-83)
must not be used
2is not old enough to
3would like to
4is no chance of
5is not far from
6is not hot enough
46suggested (that) we go
was Harr秕s first visit
50being unable to play
52have been married since
54had a discussion on/about
5put up with his/him
was too slow to win
ohn,was
88in the habit of cutting
90got on well
92had no intention of insulting
94behind bars doesnÕt always
95in case it starts/is
97will take place
99hardly spends any
101the only one who had
102I would not have shouted
103has had no luck
104to have a job
110will be given out
11should not have trusted
112one of the best laptops
113is too busy to go
114were hardly any guests (left)
115is making little effort to
116has been a sharp rise
117caught the virus apart from
118being pulled down
119being spoken to rudely
120despite the fact that he
121there was no point in
122type any faster than
123didnÕt deserve to be
124last time Emily ate
125is included in
126did not appear to have
127want anyone else to come
128were cancelled due to
129in case your car is
130too expensive for Jane to
162in order to
163until she had painted
164was having my hair done
165did not succeed in convincing
166ended the concert with
67has been a/one month since / was a/one month
ago that
168following his appearance
169how much it cost(s)
170did not have to do
171dressed in such
172number of visitors
173succeeded in finishing
174cut down on the number
175still waiting for
176the second time I
177was anything else
178take a look at
179wish I had gone
180have been married for
221I were you,I would
22apologised for having to
223high time you had
224taking care of
225has given up playing
226have not changed since
227provided itÕs not
Multiple Choice (pp.84-89)
10D
14D
15B
16A
17C
18D
20C
21B
22C
23B
24D
25C
26A
27C
28A
31B
34B
35A
36B
37C
38D
39A
40C
41C
42B
43A
47B
48C
49A
50C
51B
53C
54D
55B
56B
57C
58B
59A
60D
61D
64D
67D
68C
69A
70C
71D
72C
73C
74A
75A
76C
80B
81D
82A
83C
84C
86B
87D
88C
89B
90B
91A
92C
93D
94D
97C
100D
101B
102A
103D
104A
105B
106A
107D
108B
109C
113A
114D
115C
116A
117B
119D
120A
121B
122B
123B
124C
125A
126C
127C
130C
133D
134D
135A
136C
137A
138A
139A
140C
141B
142A
146D
147B
148C
149B
150D
152A
153D
154D
155D
156D
157D
158B
159D
160A
163C
Open Cloze Sentences (pp.90-92)
108about
109nothing
110to
111at
1was
2have
3be
4than
5are
6much
7by
8beginning
9to
10not
11at
12apart
13able
14have
15on
16to
17one
18long
19a
20on
21of
22take
25whose
26for
27one
28up
32like
33On
34take
36rest
37to
38make
39than
40any/every
41so
42enough
43takes
44in
45until
46where
47for
48by
50in
51from
55except
56though
Word Formation (pp.93-97)
164specialises
165colourful
166characteristics
167choice
168arrangement
169sale(s)
170lover
171childhood
172effective
173importance
174growth
175third
176requirements
177strength
178additional
1effective
2carefully
3organisations
5cultural
6knowledge
7teenagers
8correspondence
9obligation
10entertainment
11broaden
12closing
13unemployment
14construction
15shortly
16announcement
17advertising
18qualified
19intention
20recently
21enthusiastic
wealthy
25growing
26encouragement
27normally
28appearance
29uncomfortable
31importance
32extremely
33lonely
34ambitiously
35journalist
36decision
37highly
38incredibly
39amusement
42ability
47European
49singers
51performance
53healthy
54confusion
55action
56unclear
57relationship
8countless
59puzzling
60harmful
61agreement
62choice
63designer
64qualification
65valuable
66delivery
67freedom
68decorations
69especially
70customers
71arrangements
72unexpected
Prepositions (pp.98-99)Phrasal Verbs (pp.100-101)
1for
2for
3in
5up
6after
7against
8away
9down with
10up
11up
12down
13down
14in
15into
16off
17out
18up
19of
20down
21out
25for
26for
27off
28on
29off
31out
32with
33round
34back
35to
36by
37down with
38into
39out
42against
down on
47off
49up
51with
53down
54back on
55behind in
56for
7for
58out with
59apart
60along
61away
62back
63back at
64by on
65back to
66in
67off
68over
69away
70in
71out
72to
73off
74up
down with
78after
79over
80over to
81without
82just
84off
85down
86up with
87off
88down
89through
90on
91through
92up to
95down on
forward to
100over
102up
104out
1to
2on
3at
4to
5in
6to
7to
8of
9on
10in
11on
12of
13to
14to
15to
16to
17in
18in
24at
25of
26to
27on
31in
32in
33to
34in
35to
36to
37to
38in
39to
40on
41in
42for
43of
44to
45to
46into
47of
49at
51against
54for
55in
56on
57in
58on
59by
60under
61out
62off
63to
64on
65to
66among
67to
68to
69to
70in
71of
72for
73to
74against
75on
79for
80to
81of
82in
86by
Exercise 1(p.6)
Speaker 1
䧕ve been driving for over ten years now and I consider
Speaker 2
Ever since I got my driv敲픀s licence three years ago,I
have wanted a vehicle of my own.IÕm not saying it hasnÕt
Speaker 5
Speaker 6
ve always had a good sense of direction and I learnt
read maps at quite an early age,so I never
Exercise 2(p.6)
donÕt really know what gave me the idea,but from an
Workbook Tapescripts
technology which means that most lighthouses no
onger have keepers in residence.They are automatically
operated from control centres many miles away and
receive only occasional visits from engineers for
maintenance purposes.I was sure that my dream had
been shattered.
But Susan is made of sterner stuff than me.She would
not give up and kept making enquiries.It was while she
Exercise 3 (p.7)
viewer:
that we have Tom
Williams with us in our studio today.Now,Tom Williams
has built himself a very interesting home and heÕs here
to tell us all about it.Tom,thanks so much for coming.
Tom:
My pleasure.
Interviewer:
Well,first I suppose we should tell our
listeners what is so unique about your house.
Tom:
must admit,my house is unique.I just love
inviting people to come and see it.I always make a point
of being at the front of the house when they arrive.The
look on their faces never fails to amuse me.
Interviewer:
You mean because they are amazed at how
ttractive the house is?
Tom:
part,I suppose.I mean,it is lovely,but thatÕs not
what amazes them the most.What they really canÕt
believe is that the house is made of straw,but it looks so
sturdy and well-built.
Interviewer:
see.So the house is very strong,but it
was very economical to build,wasnÕt it?
Tom:
Yes,it was.And to tell you the truth,if I ever build
another one,it will be even less expensive.The one I
Interviewer:
Right.So ...going back to the strength of
the house ...how strong can a house made of straw
actually be?
Tom:
Well,楴픀s all in the way itÕs constructed.First things
first,楴픀s very important to have a really good foundation,
If you take time to fit
Interviewer:
And then you build the walls?
ectangular bales of straw Ð 200
Interviewer:
So,Tom.W旕re about to run out of time.So
from having a great place to live,what do
,I do care about what
effect I have on the world.Also,I am very concerned
about how much people are spending on mortgages,
Interviewer:
Well,thank you Tom for being with us
Tom:
Sure.You can email me via my website at
with any questions you
have.It might take me a little while to write back
Interviewer:
OK,once again,thank you very much for
being on the show,Tom.
Tom:
Y潵픀re welcome!
Exercise 1 (p.20)
Speaker 1
was trapped for over a day in the ruins of a tall block of
flats after a devastating earthquake struck in Golcuk,
Turkey.I knew from a television programme that I would
be able to survive for three days without food or water,
so at least I stopped worrying about that.I had also
learnt that I should lie still to save my energy.I tried to
keep calm and about 10 hours later I heard my name
being called and was able to reply.The scramble to free
me began.It took the rescuers 18 hours to find a route
through the rubble.I was finally pulled clear with only
It was late September,and we were climbing in the
egion of the Indian Himalayas.Temperatures
had dropped to below zero,and heavy clouds were
dumping more than 10 cm of snow per hour.W旕d taken
shelter by chiselling our tents inside a crevasse that
sloped downward into a seemingly bottomless pit.An
avalanche hit at midnight.Our tents collapsed,and we
awoke to snow squeezing us in the darkness.As the
snow pushed us farther into the crevasse,I fought to
keep an air space in front of my mouth while pulling up
was 17 and it was the first day of the holidays.I was
Speaker 4
was in my car on the Wooten Bridge when suddenly,I
saw the tarmac break in front of me and felt the bridge
shake.I thought I had just survived the earthquake when
Speaker 5
Just after I had finished university,a friend,Enrique,and I
went backpacking in South America.One particular day,
we decided to try hiking from one village to the next in
beautiful mountainous area of Argentina.When we
mentioned our idea to the owner of the hostel we were
however,he warned us that since it was very
䧕ve been mountain boarding since I was twelve.It is an
enaline sport that combines the best aspects of
snowboarding,but on many different terrains during the
off-season Ð long after the snow has melted.䥴픀s a great
sport but it is also very dangerous.One day I was
preparing to go down a particularly steep run when I
Exercise 2 (p.20)
nterviewer:
ow,for those of you who are interested
in art,especially art thatÕs a little out-of-the-ordinary,
Recycle Art Festival is celebrating its tenth year at the
Palmerton Cultural Centre at the end of this month.
Participants in the show range from artists,craftsmen
and furniture makers to fashion designers.A unique part
of the festival every year is the Fashioned from Rubbish
Show and contest.I am pleased to have with me on
toda秕s programme the organiser of the show,Carol
Fullerton.Welcome to the show,Carol.
Carol:
Thanks.䥴픀s great to be here.
Interviewer:
Tell us a bit about the show.
Carol:
Well,every year many of our local designers,
artists or anyone else with a burning desire to create
Interviewer:
What are some of the fashions made of?
,in last yearÕs show we had a fur
anyone is allowed to enter.All you need is a
om rubbish or recycled materials.It
Interviewer:
What do the winners receive?
three categories in the
Interviewer:
For our listeners who are interested in
oing to see the fashions,can you give
us some information about this yearÕs show?
The contest and the show will take
place on the 27th of July.If you would like to enter a
design,an application form can be found online.
Remember though that the deadline for entries is July
Interviewer:
Well that seems very reasonable.
Carol:
It is indeed.And bear in mind that all proceeds
will be given to various charities to support the main
aim of the festival Ð to help people become more aware
of environmental issues.
Interviewer:
Well,thanks for joining us today,Carol.I
wish you the best of luck with the show and hope all
our listeners will check it out.I know I plan to.
Carol:
Oh,thank you! I hope everyone will support the
festival and the Fashion from Rubbish Show as itÕs a
great cause and a lot of fun.Remember the environment
is always in fashion!
Exercise 3 (p.21)
Interviewer:
WhatÕs the wildest or most interesting
party or event you have ever attended? Have you ever
ed how these great parties and events are
Well,on toda秕s show we will have an inside
look at the world of glamorous parties and events with
our guest David Tutera,party and event planner.
Welcome,David.So,your official job title is event
consultant.Can you tell us exactly what this means?
Sure.A big part of most peopleÕs life is the time
they spend enjoying themselves during their free time.
So,my firm offers an event production and design
service that recognises this and helps clients to organise
this side of their lives,particularly by helping them to
special events and parties.
Interviewer:
Well,really I owe it all to my grandfather.He felt I
was not only creative and artistic,but a visionary when it
came to inspiring other people.Basically,he encouraged
dreams,so at age 19,with his support,I
started my own event planning business.It grew quickly
en contribute to various TV programmes
and magazines about lifestyle and entertaining.
Interviewer:
Oh,really? You mean you are interviewed
by the media Ð on TV programmes or for magazine
articles,for example?
,no.I simply give a little bit of guidance.If
someone has written an article or is producing a TV show
Interviewer:
Interesting.So I understand that you have a
long list of celebrity and other high profile clientsÉ
Sure.I do a lot of celebrity weddings and of course
company openings and well-known product launches.I
enjoy all the events I organise,because they are all very
different,but what I enjoy the most about these kinds of
high profile events is probably not what you would expect.
Yes,楴픀s exciting to have TV cameras everywhere and to
Interviewer:
can imagine.So,tell us about the actual
process of event planning.What exactly does it involve?
Well,first of all,the space has to be examined so
that it can be properly utilised.Then I start working with
the client on a concept.Basically,we try to come up
Interviewer:
And what role does the dŽcor play in an
event?
Well,the moment a guest enters a party space,
every aspect of the dŽcor should capture them.Their
sight,smell,taste and touch should all be stimulated
from the beginning to the close of the event.We always
to achieve this and in fact very often
particularly proud of?
There is one wedding that stands out to me.We
transformed an ordinary reception area into a fantasy
.Everything was white,we dusted crystal on the
and there was even a
eal live swans that everyone could
viewer:
edible! Well,David,thanks for
y.I certainly had no idea that event
My pleasure and thank you for listening.
Exercise 1 (p.34)
Speaker
Speaker 2
very keen on sports.A lot of schools donÕt seem to
Speaker 3
Well,I participate in a few of the extracurricular
activities that are scheduled after classes.We are
actually encouraged to become involved in a lot of
Speaker 4
know everyone talks about their teachers and their
favourite subjects when they discuss school,but I just
have to mention our dining hall and the ladies who cook
our meals.I always look forward to the lunch break
because I can then sit down with my circle of friends
and discuss É well,anything and everything,really.The
eat and ther旕s a good selection.Nowadays we
Speaker 5
have music and arts programmes at our school and
ther旕s also drama,although not many students seem
ested in that.At the moment,they are building a
small theatre to encourage more students to join in.I
attend the art classes and the秕re very relaxing.I really
admire my teacher who is very friendly and her attitude
has helped me to feel that I donÕt have to be the best at
Speaker 6
Last year,I failed Maths and History and I had absolutely
been a lot different.I got an A in Maths and I have even
and gives us feedback on any errors we make.I can
onestly say that learning has never been so much fun.
Exercise 2(p.34)
Interviewer:
One of the nominees for the
Young
nspiration of the Year
ward is Ben Sharpe,a young man
who has spent most of his life rescuing and taking in
animals in trouble.Ben,you have built quite a reputation
around here because of your love for animals.If
someone came to visit you at home they would
You could say that.At the moment I have four
dogs,three cats,four rabbits,three tortoises,two ducks
and a turkey.Many people have commented that my
house is more like a zoo than a normal home,but I
consider it to be more like an animal hotel.We live in
quite a large house on a farm so there is space for
plenty of animals.For the animals that stay with us,楴픀s a
comfortable,safe environment,especially after all their
suffering.
Interviewer:
But you donÕt take in every animal thatÕs
brought to you,do you?
Well,it depends really on whatÕs best for the
animal.I believe animals that are strong enough to
survive on their own should be in their own natural
But some animals need help and thatÕs when I
where else to
ound two little kittens,Timmy and
ected eye that needed
they got help and I
found good homes for them with friends of mine,and
now they are perfectly happy and healthy.
Interviewer:
So,have you always felt this way about
Well,ever since I was very young,I think,䧕ve
known that animals deserved to be treated with
respect.My parents tell me that when I was very little,I
used to carry ants out of the house to stop them being
So as you can see,I wasnÕt one of those
boys who enjoyed capturing butterflies in jars or
ogs for fun.
Interviewer:
How do your family feel about what you
Well,they are kind of used to it now.䥴픀s what they
have come to expect of me.I took in all manner of
strays when I was young.IÕm lucky because my parents
have always supported me in my actions and they love
animals just as much as I do.
Interviewer:
How did you learn how to look after all
have a large collection of books if I want to figure
out the best way to take care of and feed the animals.
Interviewer:
What has been your most memorable
Once we took in a baby owl.It had been hit by a
car and left for dead.My father and I wrapped it up and
Interviewer:
There is a cash prize for the winner of the
award.If you win,what do you plan to do with the
money?
hav敮픀t really thought about it that much.One
somewhere to treat the
Interviewer:
Ben,thank you and I wish you the best of
ercise 3 (p.35)
elcome Francesca North
to the programme today.Francesca is currently playing
the role of Maggie in the popular TV series
Prison Blues
䥴픀s lovely to have you with us today,Francesca.
Francesca:
Thank you.
ou got into acting.
Francesca:
Well,my mother is Japanese and my father is
two languages at home.My mother
wanted me to have a good English accent so she sent me
to speech lessons.I did very well in this.The teacher also
gave acting lessons and one thing led to another.She
suggested I try some acting and the next thing I knew I
wards and seriously considering
acting as a career.My mother wasnÕt sure she wanted me
to do this,though.She didnÕt think it was a very secure job.
Interviewer:
And your father?
Francesca:
Oh,all he ever wanted for me was to be
happy and if thatÕs what I wanted,at the end of the day I
could always teach English or Drama if life on the stage
proved to be too precarious!
Interviewer:
So you did go to Drama school É
Francesca:
Yes,and had a wonderful time.The great
thing is that you make so many friends and contacts.
Then,I happened to be in the right place at the right
ime one day and was offered a very small part in a TV
soap.That was fantastic because,although it was a small
part,the thing with soaps is that the story is on-going.
Gradually,my character became more involved in the
story line and they wrote bigger and bigger parts for
me.
Interviewer:
Obviously you must research a part.You
played a young mother didnÕt you?
Francesca:
Yes,thatÕs right.I did talk to young mums and
Interviewer:
When you left the soap it must have felt as
if part of your life fell away.
Francesca:
had been very involved in the role,yes,but
the offer of playing Maggie in this new series was too
so convincingly bad?
Francesca:
Thank you (laughing).I will take that as a
compliment.Actually,Maggie is almost everything I am
IÕm not saying IÕm perfect but she is a very bad
der to play the role I have to consider how
Interviewer:
Did you actually go to a womenÕs prison
Francesca:
Yes,absolutely,and I learnt a lot about life in
ust be a punishment for crime but
there are a lot of women in there who have had a really
䥴픀s very sad.Many of them
Interviewer:
Is life in jail really like the TV series?
ve tried to make it as
realistic as possible and that is why we spent quite a bit
of time ourselves researching what it is like and talking
to staff and prisoners.I donÕt think there are many real
Interviewer:
Indeed.(pause) É Coming back to you
Francesca:
Exercise 1 (p.48)
Speaker 1
think itÕs great that these big names in show business
and the music industry are rolling up their sleeves and
fighting the good fight.Take that Irish guy,for example.I
canÕt remember his name,but heÕs organised a couple of
of solving the worldÕs food
crisis.I heard a colleague say that he thought he was in it
for personal financial reasons,but I donÕt agree at all.As I
say,I think itÕs marvellous that heÕs taken time out of his
hectic schedule to try to help a really serious world
problem.
ork for years.
Speaker 3
䧕ve been with the organisation
for
about a decade now.Over the years,what with the
demands of family and work,䧕ve thought I would have
to give up my volunteer work,but IÕve just never had the
heart to do it.People are constantly telling me that IÕm
flogging a dead horse,you know,trying to find a solution
to a situation where there isnÕt one.Well,I simply keep
Speaker 4
es,the world is in a terrible state,I couldnÕt agree
.I donÕt know,maybe
Speaker 5
For years I used to financially support my favourite
charity each month,and I got a degree of satisfaction
from that Ð you know,just to know that I was helping in
some small way.But a few years ago I found myself
Speaker 6
cise 2 (p.48)
Well,you might be interested to hear about the latest
to tell us more is
Dave Lloyd from Eco Travel.Welcome,Dave.
Dave:
Lovely to be here.
Presenter:
So,what exactly is ecotourism?
Dave:
䥴픀s a special kind of tourism that aims to help local
local communities
benefit in many ways Ð not only financially,but culturally
y,too.You see,people want to
experience the culture of a new place and cause as little
environmental damage as possible.
Presenter:
Just how popular are eco holidays becoming?
Dave:
Presenter:
So,your tour guides must be well trained ...
Dave
All of our guides are bilingual.Often they are
from the country you are travelling to.Actually,they
donÕt only work as guides.You may find yourself in the
capable hands of a PhD student,or an engineer É
Presenter:
hear that some of your trips are focused on
specific themes.Is that true?
Dave:
Yes,thatÕs right.It means that people of all sorts
Presenter:
Which destinations and themes are most
popular with travellers?
Dave:
Well,there are the most famous places that people
yptian pyramids,for example Ð
too.
vellers the
opportunity to explore areas of untouched natural beauty.
Some of our most popular trips focus on discovering the
flora and fauna of an area,while others concentrate on
chaeological sites and history.
we do not have to go through
We make reservations with the local
es.We offer a unique itinerary at an
Presenter:
Dave:
Presenter:
Dave:
We offer comfortable accommodation in charming
in special environmentally friendly tents,but you are
assured of a warm welcome wherever you go as we know
all the owners personally.
Presenter:
ThatÕs good.Sounds like my kind of holiday!
ou are guaranteed a unique experience,thatÕs
for sure.Not only do you come back home with
ou will have great memories of
Presenter:
What exciting eco trips have you got planned
Dave:
We have a few places left for a trip to Brazil.
Presenter:
What are the dates?
Dave:
Departing on the 26th of March for twelve days
or on the 24th for two weeks.The two-week trip
includes a three-day stop-over in Rio de Janeiro before
continuing to the Amazon.
Presenter:
If any of our listeners are interested how can
Dave:
Presenter:
Dave,thank you for joining us.Good luck
with everything.
Dave:
Exercise 3 (p.49)
Interviewer:
In the studio today we have singer-
songwriter Tess Yale,who has just released her new
album,Shooting Stars.Welcome,Tess.Tell me,have you
always wanted to be a singer-songwriter?
楴픀s true that I have always loved music.I had
musical childhood.When I was little,my mum
to different styles Ð from pop to classical.From an early
age,I was fascinated by how songs have the ability to
ÔhookÕ you with their catchy melodies.It wasnÕt long
after that that I started composing my own tunes.
Interviewer:
Did your family encourage you to take
music lessons?
Tess:
really wanted to have singing lessons and I kept
asking for them.But we lived in a remote part of the
ood singing teachers were hard to come by.
finally found a teacher called Miss Gibbons.But she told
me that I should learn to play the piano first Ð which I did.
ou ended up relying on your own
natural talent more than anything.That must have been
Tess:
Well,luckily I was able to continue studying music at
secondary school and then later I went on to study voice
and composition at university.But I still remember the
early days when I was just a teenager.Melodies would
ven hear the whole piece in my
head,the way it should sound with all the different
instruments and everything and I felt so frustrated that I
couldnÕt write it down.I used to hum the tune into a
Interviewer:
Technology has come a long way since
then,hasnÕt it? How has it helped you with your
Tess:
䥴픀s amazing what you can do now.䥴픀s all so easy!
You can just sing the notes and the computer writes it
all up for you! Some people would say that technology
has made us lazy,but I call it progress.You can
xperiment with all kinds of sounds,rhythms and
harmonies Ð itÕs fantastic! ThatÕs not to say that I donÕt
appreciate real live instruments Ð in fact,I prefer to use
live instruments where possible.
Interviewer
Does that mean that you prefer to perform
in front of a live audience rather than be recording?
Tess:
Interviewer:
What do you like to sing about most?
How important are the lyrics to you?
Tess:
Many of my songs stem from my own life Ð they
are very personal.Others are about things I have seen
around me.The lyrics are an essential part of my songs
Interviewer:
So what advice would you like to give any
potential singer-songwriters out there?
Tess:
DonÕt aim too high too soon Ð you have to be
ork.Keep working at it and
.Work with
ou can,too.You need their
viewer
ell,楴픀s been a real pleasure to have you
w,Tess.Good luck with your new album and
Exercise 1 (p.62)
Speaker 1
Until I was about sixteen,my mum always insisted on
ty and I asked my mother
if I could have a new pair of jeans.It took me ages to
Speaker 2
must admit that I have a weakness for china vases Ð big,
small,round,square,Ilove them all.Last summer,my
friend Kim and I decided to go to a local car boot sale.
We were wandering around when suddenly I spotted a
whole display of second-hand porcelain.Kim knew what
Iwas like and tried to persuade me to keep away from
the display.I refused to listen,though,and practically ran
towards the seller and his wares.About an hour later,I
was the proud owner of twelve new porcelain vases.
Only when I couldnÕt find any room on the shelves to
put them did I admit that perhaps I had gone a bit over
the top.I mean,really,there are only so many vases that
any one person can own.
remember being invited to my first big dance,I was so
excited! My best friend,Jane,told me that Iwould have
babysit for my little boy and my best friend JulieÕs little
girl so the two of us can go and do a bit of shopping.
Last week,though,Mum said she couldnÕt because she
had read about a book exhibition that she wanted to go
of course,was that Julie and I would
have to take our kids with us to the shops.It was a
disaster.What with one toddler screaming for a box of
and the other one crying for a bag of crisps,we
nearly went mad.By the time we got home from the
Speaker 5
Last summer,my oldest friend,Cindy,and I went abroad
Speaker 6
brother and I are twins and when we were young
Mum always used to buy us the same outfits.Neither of
us wanted to dress like the other all the time and when
we were teenagers we would always make sure that we
wore different things.Now we are in our thirties and
have our own families.Recently,we were both invited to
the opening night of a friendÕs new restaurant.When I
saw my brother,I immediately burst out laughing.
Clearly,we had both been shopping for the occasion and
chosen exactly the same blue and white checked shirt!
Exercise 2 (p.62)
Interviewer:
Hello,and a very warm welcome to all our
listeners.This morning we have a special treat in store
for you because we are recording the programme live
from one of CanadaÕs greatest attractions,the WestEd
Mall.With me is Jan Ferguson,WestEdÕs chief public
relations officer.Jan,thanks for talking to us this morning.
Jan:
My pleasure,Gordon.As you said,WestEd is indeed
one of CanadaÕs greatest attractions and that is saying a
er.
Interviewer:
Jan:
Sounds as good a place to start as any.Well,the
mall,often referred to as the Ô8th Wonder of the WorldÕ,
is situated in beautiful Edmonton,Alberta.Edmonton has
the proud reputation of being an extremely
cosmopolitan city.Many Canadians,and people the
world over,call Edmonton the ÔGateway to the NorthÕ,
and to the world-famous Rocky Mountains.
wer:
oduction,Jan! Now,
Jan:
Sure.The mall is located on an area of land equalling
approximately 48 city blocks Ð w旕re talking big here,
Gordon!
are!
Jan:
viewer:
ore we even got started,Jan.Why
donÕt you tell us a bit about shopping here at the mall?
Jan:
As you can imagine,it is a shopperÕs paradise.When
we tell you that you can come visit and Ôshop till you
dropÕ,we are not joking! The mall has over 800 shops
and department stores,including hundreds of stores
that are exclusive to the mall.Of course,all your
favourites are here as well Ð Abercrombie and Fitch,
Banana Republic and G-star,just to mention a few.The
mall is open all year round,including public holidays like
Christmas and Thanksgiving.Monday to Saturday you
can feed your shopping habit from 10 am to 9 pm,and
Sundays from 11 am to 5 pm.On public holidays
w旕re ready to serve you from 10 am to 6 pm.䧕d also
like to mention that visitors like yourself can take
advantage of our VIP programme.All you have to do to
receive fantastic discounts at over 30 participating
stores is show your identification at our Guest Services
Centre.One of our friendly staff will then give you a VIP
Interviewer:
Jan,my wife would love this place!
Jan:
Everybody loves this place! Big people,little people,
seniors,you name it,there are attractions to delight one
and all.The fun never stops here at the mall and youÕll
never run out of entertainment options.If you want to
keep the older children amused while y潵픀re shopping,
Jan:
Funnily enough,most of our young visitors know
exactly what they want to do first.
Interviewer:
Really? WhatÕs that,then?
潮픀t make you guess,Gordon.䥴픀s the World
acres of it! The temperature inside
and when itÕs
that temperature is
ven compared to the temperature outside! The park
ver 20 different activities including miles of
play area where parents can spend some fun-filled
Interviewer:
am truly impressed,Jan.Unfortunately,
almost out of time.And to tell you the truth,I
suddenly have a very strong urge to go shopping! Thanks
ogramme,Jan.
Jan:
Delighted,Gordon.Now,donÕt go spending all your
money in ...(fade)
Exercise 3 (p.63)
rising many families are really
feeling the pinch these days,but other issues are
important too.
These days consumers are being encouraged to follow
the principles of the Ô3 RsÕ Ð reduce,reuse and recycle,
which of course has an effect on both the environment

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